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Coursework – Research Methodology -Sample Question paper with answers

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Conference proceedings are considered as.documents.
    a. Conventional
    b. Primary
    c. Secondary
    d. Tertiary
    Answer : b. Primary
  2. Informationis…..
    a. RawData
    b. Processed Data
    c. Inputdata
    d. Organized data
    Answer : b. Processed Data
  3. Information acquired by experience or experimentation is called as:
    a. Empirical
    b. Scientific
    c. Facts
    d. Scientific Evidence
    Answer : b. Scientific
  4. Abstract elements representing classes of phenomena within the field of study are called :
    Answer: a. Concepts
  5. All living things are made up of cells Blue whale is a living being, Thereforeblue whale is made up of cells’ The reasoning used here is
    a. Inductive
    b. Deductive
    c. Hypothetic deductive
    d. Both a and b
    Answer : b. Deductive
  6. Questionnaire is a:
    a. Research method
    b. Measurement technique
    c. Tool for data collection
    d. Data analysis technique
    Answer : b. Measurement Technique
  7. Mean, Median and Mode are a. Measures of deviation
    b. Ways of sampling
    c. Measure of control tendency
    d. None of the above
    Answer : c. Measure of control tendency
  8. The reasoning that uses general principle to predict specific results is calledas-
    a. Inductive
    b. Deductive
    c. Both a and b
    d. Hypothetic o-deductive
    Answer : b. Deductive
  9. A research paper is a brief report of research work based on
    a. Primary Data only
    b. Secondary Data only
    c. Both a and b
    d. None of the above
    Answer : c. Both a and b
  10. Research is
    a. Searching again and again
    b. Finding solutions to any problem
    c. Working in a scientific way to
    d. None -of the above
    Answer : c. Working in a scientific way to
  11. Multiple-choice questions are an example of a. OrdinalMeasure
    b. Nominal Measure
    c. RatioMeasure
    d. None of the above
    Answer : b. Nominal Measure
  12. Which of the variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms
    a. Socio economic status
    b. Marital status
    c. Numerical
    aptitude d. Professional attitude
    Answer : d. Professional attitude
  13. The essential qualities of a researcher are :
    a. Spirit of free enquiry
    b. Reliance on observation
    c. Reliance on evidences
    d. All of the above
    Answer : d. All the above
  14. A research process starts with-
    a. Hypothesis
    b. Experiment to test hypothesis
    c. Observation
    d. None of the above
    Answer : a. Hypothesis
  15. Who was the proponent of deductive method-
    a. FrancisBacon
    b. Christian Huygenes
    c. Aristotle
    d. Isaac Newton
    Answer : b. Christian Huygenes
  16. The non-random sampling type that involves selecting a convenience sample from a population with a specific set of characteristics for your research study is called
    a. Convenience sampling
    b. Quota sampling
    c. Purposive sampling
    d. None of the above
    Answer : a. Convenience Sampling
  17. Which of the following is NOT an example of a non-random sampling technique?
    a. Purposive
    b. Quota
    c. Convenience
    d. Cluster
    Answer : c. Convenience
  18. The purpose of drawing sample from a population is known as
    a. Sampling
    b. Census
    c. Survey research
    d. None of the above
    Answer : a. Sampling
  19. Sampling in qualitative research is similar to which type of sampling in quantitative research
    a. Simple random sampling
    b. Systematic sampling
    c. Quotasampling
    d. Purposive sampling
    Answer : d. Purposive sampling
  20. A set of rules that govern overall data communications system is popularly known as………..
    a. Protocol
    b. Agreement
    c. Pact
    d. Memorandum
    Answer : a. Protocol

Essay Questions

  1. Explain the different types of research
    Below are listed some of the research methods:
    •  Basic Research: In this type of research, data is collected to enhance knowledge. The purpose is non-commercial research that is generally not used to invent anything.
    •  Applied research: The focus of this research is to analyze and solve real-life problems. It prefers to help solve a practical problem with scientific methods.
    •  Problem-Oriented research: It focuses on understanding the nature of the problem to find a relevant solution. The problem could be in various forms; this research analyses the situation.
    •  Problem-solving research: Companies usually conduct this type of research to understand and resolve their problems. The research is to find a solution to an existing problem.
    •  Qualitative research is a process of inquiry that helps to create an in-depth understanding of problems and issues. It has open ended questions
  2. Discuss the steps of the research report. Also, highlight the criteria of good research.
    The research follows eight-step process:
    1. Topic selection
    2. Literature review
    3. Develop a theoretical and conceptual framework 4. clarify the research question,
    5. Develop a research design,
    6. Collection of data,
    7. Data analysing
    8. Concluding.
    Criteria of good research:
    • State the purpose clearly
    • Define the concepts used
    • Describe the research procedure in sufficient detail that allows another researcher to make further advancement on the topic
    • Design the procedure carefully to achieve desired results
    • Data analysis should reveal adequate significance
    • Appropriate analysis methods should be used.
    • Carefully check the validity and reliability of the data.
    • Conclusions should be confined to justify the research data and limit for the which data provides and adequate basis
    Other characteristics are:
    • Systematic research: Conduct research in structured format with specified steps, rules while keeping in perspective the creative thinking.
    •  Research is guided by logical reasoning and process of deduction and induction, which serves as a great value in carrying out research.
    •  It is empirical: research is related to one or more than one aspects in real situation that deals with concrete data
    •  It is replicable: the characteristics allow researchers to replicate study and building a sound basis for decisions.
  3. Discuss the various tools and techniques of data collection used in research.
    Collection of data is a major stage in conducting the research. This exercise is conducted with utmost care since with any faulty data conclusion cannot be drawn.
    • Observing Behaviors of Participants:
    • Questionnaire Method
    • Interview Method
    • Schedules Method
    • Information from Correspondents
  4. Explain the steps of a research process on what categories can research be classified on the basis of the fundamental objectives of research?
    Steps of. Research Process:
    • Identify the problem
    • Review the Literature
    • Clarify the Problem
    • Clearly Define Terms and Concepts
    • Define the Population
    • Develop the Instrumentation Plan
    • Collect Data
    • Analyze the Data

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