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Ph.D Entrance Sample Question paper Part 4 of 4
- Fact is “empirically verifiable observation” — is defined by
a. Good and Hatt
c. P. V. Young
Answer : a. Good and Hatt
- Social Science deals with ………..
b. Human Beings
c. Living Things
d. Non Living Things
Answer :b. Human Beings
Social science is the branch of science devoted to the study of societies and the relationships among individuals within those societies.
- Social Science try to explain …………. Between human activities and natural laws governing them
a. Casual Connection
Answer :a. Casual Connection
- Social research aims at ……………….
b. Social Harmony
c. National Integration
d. Social Equality
Answer : a. Integration
- Social Science Research ……………. Problems
Answer : b. Diagnosis
- Basing conclusions without any bias and value judgment is ……………
Answer : a. Objectivity
- Research is classified on the basis of …….. and methods
Answer : b. Intent
- Research undertaken for knowledge sake is
a. Pure Research
b. Action Research
c. Pilot Study
Answer : a. Pure Research
- Research conducted to find solution for an immediate problem is …………
a. Fundamental Research
b. Analytical Research
d. Action Research
Answer : d. Action Research
- Fundamental Research is otherwise called
a. Action Research
c. Pilot study
d. Pure Research
Answer : d. Pure Research
- Motivation Research is a type of …………… research
Answer : b. Qualitative
- Good Research is always ……………
Answer : d. Systematic
Meaning it should follow all the steps of research process
- The data of research is ______
a. Qualitative only
b. Quantitative only
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. Neither (a) nor (b)
Answer : c. Both (a) and (b)
a. Must be based on existing knowledge
b. Must be simple with high predictability
c. Must be empirical
d. All of these
Answer : d. All of these
Hypothesis is a statement which should be a clear, specific, testable and predictable statement. It must be guided by some available information or evidence.
- “Criteria of Good Research” is written by
a. Delta Kappan
b. James Harold Fox
c. P. V. Young
d. Karl Popper
Answer : b. James Harold Fox
- At the end of research process
a. The hypothesis will always be approved
b. The hypothesis may be rejected
c. The hypothesis may be approved or rejected d. All of these
Answer : c. The hypothesis may be approved or rejected
The objective of the research is not to approve the hypothesis, but to test it.
- Preliminary data collection is a part of the
a. Descriptive research
b. Exploratory research
c. Applied research
d. Explanatory research
Answer : b. Exploratory research
Prior to any large-scale basic science or clinical research project being funded, it is important for researchers to conduct an exploratory research and to gather preliminary data. This is essential for providing evidence for the feasibility of research projects and helping to design larger-scale studies.
- Hypothesis test may also be called as
a. Informal test
b. Significance test
c. Moderating test
- Answer : b. Significance test
Hypothesis test is also known as significance test, since significance (or lack of same) is usually the bar that determines whether or not the hypothesis is accepted.
- The “tool” function of theory is to:
a. Summarize existing knowledge
b. Summarize existing hypotheses
c. Suggest new relationships and make new predictions
d. Suggest new theories
Answer : c. Suggest new relationships and make new predictions
- A qualitative research question:
a. Asks a question about some process, or phenomenon to be explored
b. Is generally an open-ended question
c. Both a and b are correct
d. None of the above
Answer : c. Both a and b are correct
- “Foundations of Behavioral Research” is written by
a. P. V. Young
c. Emoryd. Clover Vernon
Answer : b. Kerlinger
- A research plan _____.
a. Should be detailed
b. Should be given to others for review and comments
c. Sets out the rationale for a research study
d. All of the above
Answer : d. All of the above
- When a true null hypothesis is rejected, the researcher has committed a
a. Type – I error
b. Type – II error
c. Type – III error
d. Type – IV error
Answer : a. Type – I error
- The introductory section of a research report should aim to:
a. Dandify the specific focus of the study.
b. Provide a rationale for the dissertation, or article.
c. Grab the reader’s attention.
d. All of the above.
Answer : d. All of the above.
- Which of the following is an example of primary data?
c. News paper
d. Census Report
Answer : c. News paper
- Which of the following can be a problem when writing journal articles?
a. No theory
b. Amateur style and tone
c. Insufficient definition-theory
d. All of the above
Answer : d. All of the above
- Which form of reasoning is the process of drawing a specific conclusion from a set of premises?
a. Objective reasoning
b. Positivistic reasoning
c. Inductive reasoning
d. Deductive reasoning
Answer : d. Deductive reasoning
- A qualitative research problem statement:
a. Specifies the research methods to be utilized
b. Specifies a research hypothesis
c. Expresses a relationship between variables
d. Conveys a sense of emerging design
Answer : d. Conveys a sense of emerging design
- Major drawback to researchers in India is ……………
a. Lack of sufficient number of Universities
b. Lack of sufficient research guides
c. Lack of sufficient Fund
d. Lack of scientific training in research
Answer : d. Lack of scientific training in research
- ………….. is the first step of Research process
a. Formulation of a problem
b. Collection of Data
c. Editing and Coding
d. Selection of a problem
Answer : d. Selection of a problem
- Converting a question into a Researchable problem is called …………
c. Problem Formulation
d. Problem Solving
Answer : c. Problem Formulation
- Which of the following is not an SPSS Type variable?
Answer : a. Word
- …………….. will help in finding out a problem for research
Answer : d. Guide
- Second step in problem formulation is
a. Statement of the problem
b. Understanding the nature of the problem
Answer : b. Understanding the nature of the problem
- Participant Observation is
a. Used only by journalists
c. A historical method only
d. None of these
Answer : d. None of these
Participant observation is one type of data collection method by practitioner-scholars typically used in qualitative research and ethnography. This type of methodology is employed in many disciplines.
- Prediction refers to which of the following:
a. A statement about what will be observed before it actually occurs.
b. Anything that precedes another thing.
c. A measure of success of a test, for test, rule, principal or theory.
d. None of these
Answer : a. A statement about what will be observed before it actually occurs.
- In the formulation of the problem we need to give a ………….
Answer : a. Title
- Objectives in problem formulation means
a. Questions to be answered
Answer : a. Questions to be answered
- The Academic purpose is to have …………….…
b. Firsthand Knowledge
c. Knowledge and Information
Answer : c. Knowledge and Information
- A ……………… is an abstraction formed by generalization from particulars
Answer : c. Concept
- Concept is of two types
a. Abstract and Coherent
b. Concrete and Coherent
c. Abstract and concrete
d. None of the Above
Answer : c. Abstract and concrete
- A Hypothesis which develops while planning the research is
a. Null Hypothesis
b. Working Hypothesis
c. Relational Hypothesis
d. Descriptive Hypothesis
Answer : b. Working Hypothesis
A working hypothesis is a hypothesis that is provisionally accepted as a basis for further research in the hope that a tenable theory will be produced, even if the hypothesis ultimately fails.
- Final stage in the Research Process is
a. Problem Formulation
b. Data Collection
c. Data Analysis
d. report Writing
Answer : d. report Writing
- Ph.D stands for
a. Doctor of Philosophy
b. Degree of Philosophy
c. Doctor of Psychology
d. None of the Above
Answer : a. Doctor of Philosophy
- Bibliography means
a. Foot Note
c. List of Books referred
Answer : c. List of Books referred
Read the following passage carefully and answer questions 46 to 50 :
Traditional Indian values must be viewed both from the angle of the individual and from that of the geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples of groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call the ‘State’. The Indian ‘State’s’ special feature is the peaceful, or perhaps mostly peaceful, co-existence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in a geographical, economic, and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. Modern Indian law will determine certain rules, especially in relation to the regime of the family, upon the basis of how the loin-cloth is tied, or how the turban is worn, for this may identify the litigants as members of a regional groups, and therefore as participants in its traditional law, though their ancestors left the region three or four centuries earlier, the use of the ‘State’ above must not mislead us. There was no such thing as a conflict between the individual and the State, atleast before foreign governments became established, just as there was no concept of state ‘sovereignty’ or of any church-and-state dichotomy.
Modern Indian ‘secularism’ has and admittedly peculiar feature : It requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention and support amongst all religions. These blessed aspects of India’s famed tolerance (Indian kings so rarely persecuted religious groups that the exceptions prove the rule) at once struck Portuguese and other European visitors to the West Coast of India in the sixteenth century, and the impression made upon them in this and other ways gave rise, at one remove, to the basic constitution of Thomas More’s Utopia. There is little about modern India that strikes one at once as Utopian: but the insistence upon the inculcation of norms, and the absence of bigotry and institutionalized exploitation of human or natural resources, are two very different features which link the realities of India and her tradition with the essence of all Utopians.
- Which of the following is a special feature of the Indian State?
a. Peaceful co-existence of people under a common system of leadership
b. Peaceful co-existence of social groups of different historical provenances attached to each other in a geographical, economic and political sense
c. Social integration of all groups
d. Cultural assimilation of all social groups
Answer : b. Peaceful co-existence of social groups of different historical provenances attached to each other in a geographical, economic and political sense
The answer is clear from the second line of the paragraph “Indian state’s special feature is peaceful, coexistence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. “
- The author uses the word ‘State’ to highlight
a. Antagonistic relationship between the state and the individual throughout the period of history b. Absence of conflict between the state and the individual’s upto a point in time
c. The concept of state sovereignty
d. Dependence on religion
Answer : b. Absence of conflict between the state and the individual’s up to a point in time
This is obvious from the first line of the paragraph which explains “Traditional Indian values must both be viewed from the angle of an individual and from that of a geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call as State”
- Which one is the peculiar feature of modern Indian ‘Secularism’?
a. No discrimination on religious considerations
b. Total indifference to religion
c. No space for social identity
d. Disregard for social law
Answer : a. No discrimination on religious considerations
The passage mentions meaning of secularism as requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all religions.
- The basic construction of Thomas More’s Utopia was inspired by
a. Indian tradition of religious tolerance
b. Persecution of religious groups by Indian rulers
c. Social inequality in India
d. European perception of Indian State
Answer : a. Indian tradition of religious tolerance
As mentioned in the paragraph, Thomas More’s Utopia was inspired by Indian tradition of religious tolerance.
- What is the striking feature of modern India?
a. A replica of utopian state
b. Uniform laws
c. Adherence to traditional values
d. Absence of bigotry
Answer :d. Absence of bigotry
Absence of bigotry is a striking feature that links modern India with Utopian world.
You can read the previous section (3 of 4) here.
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